Size: 20 mm
is a genus of scarab which belongs to the subfamily "scarabaeinae", commonly
known as the dung beetles. Its thoracic shield is a striking
metallic green colour. The male of this species has a single, upward
projecting horn on its head. The female has a wide, shovel shaped
flange (the clypeus) on the front of the head which is used for
scooping dung or moving soil when excavating a brood chamber for its larvae.
Phanaeus is a scarab of the type that was familiar to the ancient
Egyptians, and its image was a central motif in their art. A close
relative of Phanaeus, the sacred scarab, (Scarabaeus sacer)
is likely the species which served as their model.
ancient Egyptian amulet
which depicts a scarab beetle
(Scarabaeus) which is quite
similar in form to Phanaeus.