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THE THYLACINE IN CAPTIVITY:
- ZOOS, CIRCUSES AND MENAGERIES -
MAINLAND AUSTRALIA (page 2)
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Melbourne Zoo (continued):

    Dr. Bob Paddle (2012, p. 85) identified 48 thylacines displayed at the zoo between 1864 and 1930.  The museum would stress that this is a provisional estimate, and the final total may indeed be greater.  The museum's preliminary total for the same period is 57 thylacines, although this is a "work in progress total" and subject to revision as further research is undertaken.

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Thylacines displayed at the Melbourne Zoo (1864 - 1930)
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N Date of arrival A/J/P/PY Sex Captured by Source (dealer) Capture locality Sold / exchanged Date of death Ref FN
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1 4/11/1864 A M Unknown captor Probably R. C. Gunn (purchaser) Unknown locality N/A 12/1/1869 1
2 16/6/1865 A F Mr. Wiseman (Emu Bay) R. C. Gunn (purchaser) Hampshire Hills, Circular Head, Nov 1864 Dispatched for London 14/11/1865
(fate unknown)
2
3 16/6/1865 J Mr. Wiseman (Emu Bay) R. C. Gunn (purchaser) Hampshire Hills, Circular Head, Nov 1864 Dispatched for London 14/11/1865
(fate unknown)
2
4 16/6/1865 J Mr. Wiseman (Emu Bay) R. C. Gunn (purchaser) Hampshire Hills, Circular Head, Nov 1864 Dispatched for London 14/11/1865
(fate unknown)
2
5 16/6/1865 J Mr. Wiseman (Emu Bay) R. C. Gunn (purchaser) Hampshire Hills, Circular Head, Nov 1864 Dispatched for London 14/11/1865
(fate unknown)
2
6 3/3/1874 J M Mr. W. Clarke (Dry Creek) Morton Allport [Tasmanian Museum] (purchaser) New Norfolk N/A (Oct) 1881 3 1
7 (Apr) 1875 A F Unknown captor - Unknown locality N/A (Dec) 1881 4
8 (Aug) 1883 A M Unknown captor Dr. Bingham Crowther (purchaser) Unknown locality Sold to London but died in transit - 5
9 (Aug) 1883 A F Unknown captor Dr. Bingham Crowther (purchaser) Unknown locality Sold to London but died in transit - 5
10 (Jan) 1884 A M Mr. Brewer Dr. Bingham Crowther (purchaser) Bowood (near Bridport) London (A: 14/11/1884) London
(5/2/1890)
6
11 (Jan) 1884 A F Mr. Brewer Dr. Bingham Crowther (purchaser) Bowood (near Bridport) London (A: 14/11/1884) London
(1/4/1893)
6
12 (Nov / Dec) 1885 J F Evans & Hill City Park Zoo South Downs, Arthur River London transit (A: 19/3/1886) Depart Paris (15/4/1886) Paris
(27/3/1891)
13 18/1/1886 J M Mr. Hill City Park Zoo Montagu 
(Nov 1885)
London transit (A: 19/3/1886) Depart Paris (15/4/1886) Paris
(6/2/1891)
14 (Jun) 1887 A F Unknown captor City Park Zoo (Aug 1886)
E. Le Souef (purchaser)
Unknown locality London
(A: 28/4/1891)
London
(27/9/1891)
5 2?
15 1888? A F Unknown captor - Unknown locality London transit (A: 30/06/1888) Died shortly after arrival
(7/7/1888)
16 1888? A M Unknown captor - Unknown locality London transit (A: 30/06/1888)
Sold to W. Cross (Liverpool)
(D: 31/8/1888)
Unknown
17 (Nov) 1889 A M Unknown captor City Park Zoo Unknown locality London
(A: 28/4/1891)
London
(5/7/1894)
7 2?
18 (Mar) 1892 M Unknown captor City Park Zoo Unknown locality N/A 8
19 18/9/1892 A James Denny (prior to 16/9/1892) James Denny Mt. Bischoff railway
(36 mile point)
N/A 9
20 1893 P Mr Pennyfather? City Park Zoo Ringarooma? N/A 10
21 1893 P Mr Pennyfather? City Park Zoo Ringarooma? N/A 10
22 (Sep) 1898 Mr. A. Cornish? City Park Zoo Stonehurst (10/9/1898)? N/A 11
23 (Sep) 1898 Mr. A. Cornish? City Park Zoo Stonehurst (10/9/1898)? N/A 11
24 (Dec) 1898 A F? Unknown captor City Park Zoo Western Tiers N/A (May) 1901 12 4
25 (Jul-Sept) 1899 A F Unknown captor City Park Zoo? Western Tiers? N/A 24/05/1901? 13
26 Left pouch
(Jan 1900)
PY N/A Captive bred N/A N/A 19/8/1900 13
27 Left pouch
(Jan 1900)
PY N/A Captive bred N/A N/A ? 13
28 Left pouch
(Jan 1900)
PY F N/A Captive bred N/A N/A 17/7/1901 13
29 Left pouch
(Jan 1900)
PY M N/A Captive bred N/A N/A ? 13
30 (Aug-Sep) 1899 A F City Park Zoo N/A (Aug) 1901? 14 5
31 (Nov) 1900 J N/A 15
32 (Jun) 1901 J F Unknown captor City Park Zoo Unknown locality N/A (Aug) 1901 15
33 (Jun) 1901 P N/A (Jun) 1901 15
34 (Jun) 1901 P F N/A (Aug) 1901 15
35 (Nov) 1901 A ? Unknown captor City Park Zoo 
Dudley Le Souef (purchaser)
Unknown locality N/A (Dec) 1901 5
36 (Nov) 1901 A F Unknown captor Dudley Le Souef (purchaser) Unknown locality N/A (May) 1902 5
37 (Aug-Nov) 1901 A ? Unknown captor Dudley Le Souef (purchaser) Unknown locality N/A (Jun) 1902 5
38 7/12/1901 A F Unknown captor Unknown locality N/A 16
39 7/12/1901 J Unknown captor Unknown locality N/A 16
40 7/12/1901 J Unknown captor Unknown locality N/A 16
41 7/12/1901 J Unknown captor Unknown locality N/A 16
42 (Mar) 1902 J M N/A (Apr) 1902 5
43 (Dec) 1902 A ? Unknown captor Unknown locality Antwerp (Jan 1903) Died in transit (Feb 1903) 5
44 (Jan) 1903 A M? Unknown captor Unknown locality Cologne (1903) Cologne (27/9/1909) 17
45 (Feb) 1905 N/A 18
46 (Sept) 1910 A F W. McDonald James Harrison (dealer) Irishtown N/A (Dec) 1913 5
47 1912? A M Unknown captor - Unknown locality Antwerp (6/12/1912) Antwerp (13/2/1914)
48 (Dec) 1913 J ? N/A (Jun) 1914 5
49 (Dec) 1913 J F N/A (Dec) 1921 5
50 (May/June) 1914 J A. R. "Dick" Rowe James Harrison (dealer) Brittons Swamp N/A 19
51 (May/June) 1914 J A. R. "Dick" Rowe James Harrison (dealer) Brittons Swamp N/A 19
52 (May/June) 1914 J A. R. "Dick" Rowe James Harrison (dealer) Brittons Swamp N/A 19
53 (May) 1916 A M N/A (Dec) 1923
54 (Oct) 1923 ? ? N/A (Dec) 1923
55 1927 A Unknown captor James Harrison (dealer) Prof. MacKenzie (purchaser) Unknown locality N/A 20 3, 6
56 11/5/1928 A Chester & Hope James Harrison (dealer) Arthur River N/A 21 6
57 16/10/1929 J M Adye Jordon (1/6/1929) James Harrison (dealer) Arthur River (8km from West Takone) N/A 18/7/1930 22 6
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A/J/P/PY Adult / Juvenile / Pup / Pouch young
Family group
Captive bred
Short dates are formatted Day/Month/Year.
References: 1. Moeller (1997, p. 159); 2. Cornwall Chronicle 26/11/1864 p. 3; 3. Cornwall Chronicle 23/3/1874 p. 4 / Argus 18/3/1874 p. 4 / Australasian newspaper 21/3/1874 p. 18 / The Age 23/1/1875 p. 7; 4. Paddle (2012) / Mercury (VIC) 15/5/1875 p. 3 / Argus 25/12/1875 p. 6; 5. Paddle (2012); 6. The Age 6/2/1884 p. 8 / Geelong Advertiser 11/9/1883 p. 3 / Examiner 24/8/1883 p. 2 / Examiner 5/1/1884 p. 2 / Argus 5/2/1884 p. 9; 7. Argus 22/11/1889 p. 11 & Argus 11/8/1891 p. 7; 8. Launceston Examiner 17/3/1892 p. 2 & Tasmanian 13/3/1892 p. 14; 9. Launceston Examiner 17/9/1892 p. 2 / The Age 19/9/1892 p. 4 / The Tasmanian 24/9/1892 p. 11; 10. Official Zoo Guide, 1893 p. 24; 11. Launceston Examiner 28/9/1898 p. 4; 12. RMZAS 1903w p. 68; 13. Paddle (2000, pp. 230-31) & Paddle (2012); 14. RMZAS 1903w p. 68; 15. Paddle (2000, p. 230); 16. The Argus 7/12/1901 p. 14 & Paddle (2000, p. 230-31); 17. Minutes Zoological & Acclimatisation Soc. Victoria, Jan 1903; 18. Minutes Zoological & Acclimatisation Soc. Victoria, Feb 1905 / Australasian newspaper 18/3/1905 p. 29 / The Age 28/2/1905 p. 8; 19. Daily Telegraph 8/6/1914 p. 4 & Ballarat Courier 5/6/1914 p. 4; 20. The Telegraph 21/9/1927 p. 15 & The Age 13/9/1927 p. 7; 21. Harrison's notebook (sale to Professor Colin McKenzie, £50); 22. Minutes Zoological & Acclimatisation Soc. Victoria, Oct 1929 & Advocate 15/2/1986 p. 6.
Footnotes: 1. The Australasian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil, 22 October 1881 p. 343, notes this specimen as still being in the zoo's collection as of this date.; 2. M/F sent to London with Le Souef, 1891; 3. MacKenzie specimen on loan to zoo; 4. City Park paid £6.5/- for this thylacine (RMZAS, 1903w, p. 66); 5. City Park paid £6.6/- for this thylacine (RMZAS, 1903w, p. 68); 6. Bodies sent to MacKenzie at the AIA.
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(Research on this listing is ongoing - further information will be added as it becomes available, and errors corrected as soon as they have been identified.)
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    Melbourne Zoo is the only zoo believed to have bred the thylacine in captivity, with a litter of four pups born in September 1899.  Dr. Bob Paddle (2000) provides convincing evidence to suggest that the pups were conceived from captive parents at the zoo. 

    In the zoo's minutes for the 26th November 1883, Albert Le Souëf noted: "I have long been anxious to obtain one or more specimens of the native tiger or marsupial wolf which are becoming rarer and more difficult to obtain".  This sentiment is repeated throughout the minutes of the zoo with multiple references to the rarity of the thylacine and the great difficulty in obtaining further specimens.

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female thylacine - Melbourne Zoo
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female thylacine - Melbourne Zoo
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Rare photographs of a female thylacine at Melbourne Zoo.

    The two photographs shown above are the only known images of a thylacine at the Melbourne Zoo.  Both are of the same female.

    However, the Daily Telegraph (Launceston) of the 12th August 1910 (p. 4) indicates that a further photograph was taken of a thylacine at the Melbourne Zoo.

    "Mr Gibson on his next visit to Melbourne (1903) called on Mr Le Souef who showed him a half grown Tasmanian Tiger which he had in the cages and at his request I took a photograph of it".

    Gibson's unpublished photograph is believed to show Mr. Le Souef outside the thylacine's cage, with the animal's head poking through the bars.  The photograph may still exist within Le Souef's archives.

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References
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