.
Canis edwardii - Edward's wolf
Range:  North America
Size:  35 - 40 lb (16 - 18 kg)

Canis edwardii was a small species of wolf that lived in North America durning the Pleistocene Epoch.  Excellent fossils, mainly teeth, of this wolf have been found in the river deposits of Florida.

.

 
.
This beautifully preserved  specimen is a left maxillary fragment of Edward's wolf (Canis edwardii).  This jaw fragment, which is between 1-1.5 million years old, is from the Late Irvingtonian age of the Pleistocene.  It was found in Citrus County, Florida.  Canis edwardii was approximately the size of a coyote, and weighed between 35-40 lb (16-18 kg).
.
.
.
fossil teeth of Edward's wolf - Florida - Image  C. Campbell
.
.
.
Front view of maxillary
.

 
.
fossil teeth of Edward's wolf - Florida (reverse view) - Image  C. Campbell
.
.
.
Back view
.
.
Note the triangular, sharply pointed tooth.  This is known as the carnassial, the cutting tooth which is used for shearing meat.  The other, broader tooth is a molar, which is useful for grinding many kinds of food.  The presence of large molar teeth is one of the features which make canids such dietary generalists.  This allows for adaptation to eating a very wide variety of foods, either seasonally or regionally.
.

 
go to previous species go back to the main page go to next species


Website copyright © C. Campbell's NATURAL WORLDS.
Photographs and other illustrations (where indicated) are © C. Campbell's NATURAL WORLDS.
Other photos and images are © their respective owners.